Handmade MATCHES Turned Out Better Than Purchased Ones!

Handmade MATCHES Turned Out Better Than Purchased Ones!

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Do not repeat the experiments shown in this video!
Hi everyone! In this video not only do I want to tell you about how matches are made but also to make my own matches. After that I will check how they will differ from shop-bought ones. Let us start off with a little bit of history. First predecessors of modern matches were invented in Ancient China. Those early matches were used only to simplify the process of starting a fire and It was just ordinary sulfur spread onto thin sticks. In Europe matches began to appear in 19-th century and in its early form they were very dangerous because they could light up upon friction against any surface which was quite dangerous as they could even light up in a box of matches having rubbed against each other. First safe matches appeared in 1855 and they were invented by a Swedish chemist, Johan Lundstrem. Since then they have practically remained unchanged. These Swedish matches are the very ones I am going to make in this video. Matches making starts with the simplest step which is preparing the wooden sticks which are also called strips. Such sticks are most frequently made from aspen but since I don’t have it I am going to use ordinary birch toothpicks and also barbecue skewers for bigger matches. The first step of making matches is soaking sticks in fire retardant that is in chemical that prevents wood smouldering. The thing is when wood burns down the leftover charcoals that continues to smoulder turning into light ash that can cause lots of inconveniences when it get onto clothes or valuable items. To prevent unwanted outcomes when using matches they get soaked in 2% ammonium dihydrogen phosphate that is in phosphoric acid and ammonium salt acid. After soaking and drying sticks we can see that the charred heads don’t smoulder which is a lot more convenient. I have quite ancient matches which are more than 100 years old. They were made in Revel which was the name of the modern day Tallinn during monarchy era until 1917. They still burn well but because of not being soaked in fire retardant, the burn down match heads fall off very quickly and keep burning which can cause ignition or even fire. That is the reason why soaking in fire redantant is such a necessary measure to take. Nevertheless sticks have to be soaked in combustible liquid that will simplify ignition of wood and consume most energy. Most frequently paraffin is used for those purposes. I melted down a paraffin candle and dipped chopped sticks. They looks like a deep-fryer and wooden chips which are fried in it. It is noteworthy that when such matches burn they give off a pleasant smell because wood contains sugars that give off a pleasant smell when burned.

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34 thoughts on “Handmade MATCHES Turned Out Better Than Purchased Ones!

  1. Matches were actually first invented by Sir Swan Vesta in 1845. He was obsessed and even built a 6 ft high match which he made his butler light. The butler was badly burned and broke an arm when he fell off the ladder. It’s believed that the disgruntled butler sold the idea to the Swedish inventor who everyone believes came up with the idea.
    The butler was found out by Sir Vesta and it’s believed he was kidnapped and brought back to England where he was murdered. It couldn’t be proven at the time and no trace of his murdered body was ever found. During renovations in 1977 a skeleton was however found bricked up inside a camber underneath Sir Vestas Manor House. It was wrapped in wire and there was evidence that the body ( a male ) had been alive when it was hidden. It would have been a long death. The word “ thief” was scrawled upon the wall of the small chamber.
    Sir Vesta died of Syphilis in 1865 and his son and heir tried to get compensated for what he said was his fathers invention. He died in the Boer war and his son lived a reclusive life until his death in an accident whilst trying to turn lead into Gold in 1955.
    The estate was given to the National trust in the early 1960’s.
    The word “ match” is derived from an African word “ Machuchoo” which means “ devil finger.”

  2. I really love your work and I realize you worked very hard on your English so let me help you out just a little bit the word rubbed you pronounce it without the e at the end so it would just like it was just D at the end soaked same thing forget to eat at the end so it's just right and then close again forget the e at the end and just pronounce it as though it was an S and there you go great work

  3. Calling strike anywhere matches unsafe is very unfair to the matches and the brand that makes them.
    If you treat a match with respect and you are not incredibly foolish with them you should have no problem.
    If you play with them and throw them around like a moron you deserve to be burnt to death.

  4. What’s the chemical used in the “strike anywhere “ match tip? The little white tip on the regular match head? I used to carry a supply of them in my Boy Scouts match keeper (waterproof cylinder), as well as my survival kits.
    I miss having them…

  5. A buddy of mine in highschool had a case of ohio blue tip matches in his duffle bag. He was going to use them for a science project. He dropped the bag and the went off. Almost burned the school down.

  6. Is it safe to mix
    potassium chlorate and sulfur? When he adds water to the mixture, does he reduce the friction coeficient?

  7. A practical video for those who lack matches. Seriously, a wonderful presentation. I like those "strike on anything" matches because they are much bigger and will light fires more readily when preparing the bar-b-que or a campfire. Those matches are very hard to self-ignite because it takes a considerable pressure against a rough surface to cause ignition (a force on a small area of the match head). They are at least as safe as cars and alcohol (separately or together)! Live dangerously, dare fate, be courageous.

  8. My match head leaves a lot of residu, and it has a different structure. Should I use finer sand and more KClO3?

  9. …….what's wrong with this bloke? He's got a box of hundred year old matches and he actually proceeds to do damage to the strike pad and destroys the valuable contents, thing this old get preserved in museums.

  10. Strike anywhere matches are dangerous. You can tell them from safety matches because they have two colors in their tips usually dark blue and light blue or red and white.

  11. The strike anywhere matches are more dangerous maybe, but I've never experienced any accidents caused by them. You can even strike them on smooth glass. They can be useful if the matchbox gets wet, because you can strike them on most rough, dry surfaces. Smokers like them because you can give them to a friend and they can use them later without the box.

  12. It is worth to mention that János Irinyi has also invented safety matches in Hungary in 1836. The oxidant in hís matches was lead(IV) oxide.

  13. Do you know if the Australian and Swedish brand of matches (redheads) contain potassium dichromate. I’m extracting kclo3 but am now worried about the dichromate, do they still use them? Does anyone know what they use?

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